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June

30th June

Good morning Elm and Happy Birthday Brendan, today I have gone with Pumpkin especially for you. Having an "easing of restrictions" birthday is just as strange as having a lockdown birthday so I am sure that those of you who won't see Joseph today would like to join in with a round of virtual Happy Birthday To You.

On This Day - In 1894 London's Tower Bridge was officially opened to traffic by the Prince of Wales. After the ceremony the bascules were raised to allow a flotilla of ships and boats to sail down the Thames.

The world's first emergency telephone number, 999, was introduced in London in 1937. 999 was chosen was because it could be dialled on the old rotary dial telephones by placing a finger against the dial stop and rotating the dial to the full extent three times, even in the dark or in dense smoke. This enabled all users, including the visually impaired, to easily dial the emergency number. In 1997 Britain handed Hong Kong back to China at midnight, when the 99 year lease expired.

I can't believe it is the last day of June today, but well done to those of you still working hard at school.

Take care and have a good day.

29th June

Hello Elm and Happy Birthday Joseph, today I have gone with Dark Emerald especially for you. Having an "easing of restrictions" birthday is just as strange as having a lockdown birthday so I am sure that those of you who won't see Joseph today would like to join in with a round of virtual Happy Birthday To You.

On This Day - After denouncing smoking as a health hazard in 1620, King James I of England banned the growing of tobacco in Britain. In 1801, Britain held its first population census - producing a population figure of 8,800,000. The population is now over 67,800,000. Barclays Bank introduced the Barclaycard - the UK's first credit card - in 1966. Interestingly on the 27th June a year later, Barclays Bank (Enfield branch) opened Britain's first cash dispenser.

Yesterday was a key date of the First World Way. It was in 1914 that Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie were killed by a Bosnian Serb nationalist during an official visit to the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. The killings sparked a chain of events that led to the outbreak of the Great War to end all wars. Then in 1919, exactly five years to the day after Franz Ferdinand's death, Germany and the Allied Powers signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially marking the end of World War I. Although the armistice, signed on 11th November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty.

Well done all of you who are keeping up with your home learning, some examples of last weeks work looking at Alex's life living in the very poorest area of Lima can be seen below. This week you should design a wall hanging depicting your life in the style of those made by the Uros people who live on Lake Titicaca.

Many of you have been having great fun over the last couple of weeks out and about playing with water - let's hope we get that lovely weather back again soon.

Have a great day today and look after those grown-ups.

Jesse and Scarlett messing about in the river

Still image for this video

Erin and Daisy-Belle having fun in the swimming pool

Still image for this video

26th June

Hello Elm, Dark Violet for today

On This Day - In 1945, Delegates from nations around the world signed the United Nations Charter, designed to help ensure future world peace. The first meeting of the U.N. General Assembly occurred in London early the following year. In 1986, Entrepreneur Richard Branson set off on his second attempt to claim the transatlantic powerboat record for Britain. He smashed the previous record by two hours but was denied the Blue Riband by the trustees of the award because he had broken two rules of the competition; he had stopped to refuel and his vessel did not have a commercial maritime purpose.

Today’s Doodle celebrates British Activist Olive Morris who was born in 1952. Morris is widely recognised as a prominent voice of leadership in the fight against discrimination in Great Britain during the 1970s. Olive Elaine Morris was born in St. Catherine, Jamaica on this day in 1952 and moved to London before she turned 10. As a adult she took a leadership role in the push toward justice across many areas of society and she co-founded the Organisation of Women of Asian and African Descent, considered instrumental in rallying movements for change. In honor of Morris’ lifetime of activism, she was selected in 2015 to appear on the Brixton Pound, a currency designed to foster local business within the South London neighbourhood she served during her lifetime. Today’s Doodle features Morris’ portrait on a wall in South London, surrounded by the local community the Brixton Pound that featured her was intended to support. Her commitment to fighting for equality and justice continues to inspire today.

Also today it is National Cream Tea Day. Every year on the last Friday in June, British tradition comes alive on National Cream Tea Day. Around the world, tea enjoys enduring traditions and legendary stories. When it comes to British cream tea, the meal is steeped with delicious sandwiches, cakes, biscuits, and scones complimented with jams and creams. We enjoyed scones with jam and cream this afternoon, although some of use ended up a bit messy!

Thank you to those who have sent me work this week, I will get back to you as soon as I can.

In the meantime, have a great weekend and be kind to everyone you see

25th June

Hello Elm Class, beautiful Bright Blue to reflect a beautiful bright blue sky today.

On This Day - Mary Tudor, the younger sister of King Henry VIII and queen consort of France through her marriage to Louis XII, died at the age of 37 in 1533. She was first buried at the abbey at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, but her body was moved to nearby St. Mary's Church, Bury St Edmunds, when the abbey was destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries, but can you tell me why the abbeys were destroyed.

In 1891, the first episode of an Arthur Conan Doyle novel involving the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes was printed in the Strand Magazine in London. Finally today in 2013, a Lola B12 69/EV, developed by Drayson Racing Technologies broke the world land speed record for a lightweight electric car when it hit a top speed of 204.2mph at a racetrack at RAF Elvington in Yorkshire.

Thank you to everyone who has contributed to the picture gallery for Daisy so far, just a few more to come in and then I will send them to her. In the meantime you can see where we are up to below.

I haven't got so much work to share at the moment as more of you are now coming into school but please keep sending me anything that you have completed to share.

Have a great day and don't get sunburnt!

24th June

Good Morning Elm, Strong Red for today.

On This Day - In 1509 Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon were crowned King and Queen Consort of England by the Archbishop of Canterbury at a lavish ceremony at Westminster Abbey. The coronation was followed by a banquet in Westminster Hall.

W.H. Smith, English news agent and bookseller, was born in 1825 and in 1878 the St. John Ambulance - originally called the St. John Ambulance Association – was formed.

1916 saw the launch of 'Wolf Cubs' by Robert Baden-Powell, for boys aged 8 - 10. It was themed on Jungle Book, by Baden-Powell's friend and neighbour, Rudyard Kipling. In 1966 the name was changed from 'Wolf Cubs' to 'Cub Scouts'.

Today is Midsummer’s Day. Midsummer's Day, the middle of summer, traditionally falls on the 24th June, after the longest day (Summer Solstice) which is either the 20th or 21st of June. This discrepancy is said to have been caused by the variants of the Julian Calendar and the Tropical Year further confused by the Gregorian Calendar.

There are many superstitions surrounding Midsummer’s Eve (yesterday) and Midsummer’s Day a time associated with witches, magic, fairies and dancing. Roses are of special importance on Midsummer's Eve. It is said that any rose picked on Midsummer's Eve, or Midsummer's Day will keep fresh until Christmas. At midnight on Midsummer's Eve, young girls should scatter rose petals before them and say:

Rose leaves, rose leaves,
Rose leaves I strew.
He that will love me
Come after me now.

Then the next day, Midsummer's Day, their true love will visit them.

23rd June

Good Morning Elm, today I have chosen Emerald as calm cooling colour.

On This Day - In 1314 preliminary actions began for the Battle of Bannockburn, with the main battle beginning not long after daybreak the following day when the Scots began to move towards the English. It was one of the decisive battles of the First War of Scottish Independence. Robert the Bruce earned a place in Scottish history for his legendary victory over the English at Bannockburn. Allegedly, it was in a cave at Cove Manor House (formerly Dunskellie Castle - between Gretna and Lockerbie) that the story of 'Bruce and the spider' originated. Robert the Bruce supposedly gained inspiration to keep going after watching a spider attempting again and again to make its web. The revitalised Bruce gained support and ultimately defeated the English army at Bannockburn the following day. While the legend is strong, the factual basis is weak and inconclusive, as no fewer than 3 other caves claim to have been the location. This certainly is a story of perseverance - one of our school values and one that we are certainly being tested on at the moment.
Remembom and Ptolemy who have completed the reading challenge - more about that later fro Mrs Frost.

I hope you all have a great day and take care.

Ptolemy and Tom's Completed Reading Challenge

Well done to Ptolemy and Tom for completing the reading challenge - that's a total of 11 hours of reading done, fantastic. Ptolemy completed his by reading Harry Potter and The Half Blood Prince. While Tom has read a mixture of books, including Skellig, Horrible Histories and Tom Gates. 

22nd June

Good Morning Elm Class, today is Pumpkin for a new week.

On This Day - Although life for Victorian children wasn't good, it had been even worse until 1802 when  Britain's Health and Morals of Apprentices Act was passed. This Act limited children to a maximum twelve hour working day; whilst under nines were banned from the mills. In 2012 torrential downpours brought more flooding to swathes of the country. Music fans at the Isle of Wight Festival spent the night in their cars after traffic became gridlocked when heavy rain turned the festival site into a mudbath. The Environment Agency issued around 140 flood warnings throughout Britain. I think we are going to have a much drier week this week.

This week we are welcoming more of you back to school, which will be lovely. I am still keeping my fingers crossed that the whole class will be able to have some time together before the end of term but we will have to wait and see. In the meantime, well done to those of you who have sent me project work. For those of you at home you will find this weeks work on the South America sub-page underneath the Lockdown Diary sub-pages

Aden has also sent me a picture of something different that he has been up to, it would be great to see and share pictures from more of you.

Well have a good day and make sure you are still keeping safe and well

Great work about the city of Lima by Jacob

Aden has been busy thinning the apples at his nan and granddad's

21st June

Hello Elm, beautiful Strong Blue for today

Today is Father's Day, a day of honouring fatherhood and paternal bonds, as well as the influence of fathers in society. A day dedicated to fathers crops up in different forms throughout history and in some Catholic countries of Europe, it has been celebrated on 19th March as Saint Joseph's Day since the Middle Ages. Elsewhere, Germany marks Father’s Day on Ascension Day in May or June, 40 days after Easter, while Australia and New Zealand commemorate it on the first Sunday in September. Russia has continued a tradition from the Soviet Union of celebrating “Man’s Day” on Defender of the Fatherland Day on 23 February, marking the first mass draft into the Red Army.

In the UK it always falls on the third Sunday of June, based on the US calculation of the date. The American Father’s Day was introduced at the start of the 20th century by Sonora Smart Dodd and celebrated on the third Sunday of June for the first time in 1910.

There are two google doodles for Father's Day, the one on our Google homepage is interactive to make a card similar to the one on Mothering Sunday back in March. 

Also today it is Prince William's birthday. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, was born in 1982.and is a member of the British royal family. He is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales and since birth, he has been second in the line of succession to the British throne. His full name, William Arthur Philip Louis, was announced by Buckingham Palace on 28th June.

20th June

Good morning Elm, today is Orange to reflect the sun.

Today is the summer solstice, more commonly known as the longest day of the year or the first day of summer. It occurs when the Sun is at its most northern point in the sky and its greatest distance from the equator, usually on or near the 21st June, therefore giving the longest period of sunlight – day length – in the northern hemisphere. This year the actual solstice is at 22:44 and from this point the day length starts to shorten (the nights are drawing in). In the southern hemisphere it is the opposite, the Sun is at its lowest point in the sky, marking the winter solstice or shortest day of the year.

The word “solstice” comes from Latin solstitium—from sol (Sun) and stitium (still or stopped), reflecting the fact that on the solstice, the Sun appears to stop “moving” in the sky as it reaches its northern- or southernmost point (declination) for the year, as seen from Earth.

Google has two doodles for today, so where we have a balloon flying in the sunshine, in Peru, their balloon is flying in the night sky.

Do you remember the two similar balloons that we looked at the day before we closed the school for lockdown (19th March)? These where for the spring and autumn equinox - the half-way days between the summer and winter solstice - when the day length and night length are equal. Don't forget to look out for the autumn and winter balloons on our google homepage later in the year.

19th June

Hello Elm, today I have gone Strong Red.

On This Day - Robert Peel's Act was passed in 1829, to establish a new police force in London and its suburbs. They were known as Peelers and then Bobbies, derived from his surname and Christian name respectively. In 1917, the British royal family renounced the German names and titles of Saxe-Coburg, (responding to anti-German sentiment) and became Windsor.
1999 The wedding of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex The fourth, and youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex married Sophie Rhys-Jones in 1999, at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.

Today is Juneteenth in the USA. Juneteenth is an unofficial American holiday (except for Texas where is an official state holiday), celebrated annually on the 19th of June to commemorate Union army General Gordon Granger’s announcement to the city of Galveston, Texas in 1865 that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free. Although the Emancipation Proclamation had formally freed them almost two and a half years earlier and the American Civil War had largely ended with the defeat of the Confederate States in April, Texas was the most remote of the slave states, with a low presence of Union troops, so enforcement of the proclamation had been slow and inconsistent. The 1960s Civil Rights Era saw a resurgence in Juneteenth awareness and this growing awareness of Juneteenth has led to an exponential growth of events in cities across the nation.

This year Juneteenth has taken on renewed significance amid global anti-racism protests following the death of George Floyd. Please take time to find out more about "Black Lives Matter" because the more you know, the more you will understand why changes in our society do need to happen. Make a start by watching the Google that is on the homepage in the USA today - perhaps it should be on our Google home page as well.

155th Anniversary of Juneteenth

Well done to those of you who have looked more closely at Lima this week - a city where poverty is widespread. If you haven't got very far there are some examples below to help you get going. Next week more of you will be back at school so for those still at home I will continue to send you project work that mirrors the project work happening in the classroom. Again, Year 5 it is your choice whether to complete the tasks or follow the project that Mrs Frost has set. 

I must say I am looking forward to seeing more of you and I am still hopeful that we will mange to get the whole class together before too long.

I am now looking out of the window and although the sun is shining and there are patches of blue sky, there is also a rather grey cloud coming towards Ipswich - not sure I am going to get my daily walk in today!

I hope you are having a good day and make sure that you are thinking about how to do your best all the time.

Have a look at Aden's work about Lima

18th June

Hi Elm Class, today is Grayish Blue which I thought perfectly reflected the sky this morning!

On This Day - Lots of things have happened on this day but I must say for the first time in ages I struggled to find something really interesting, see what you think.

At the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte suffered defeat at the hands of the Duke of Wellington, bringing an end to the Napoleonic era of European history. In 1928, Amelia Earhart, along with pilot Wilmer Stultz and copilot/mechanic Louis Gordon landed at Pwll near Burry Port, South Wales having flown from Newfoundland, thus becoming the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. And in 1975, the first North Sea Oil was pumped ashore in Britain.

It is pouring with rain here this morning but I have just looked at the weather forecast from the Met Office and hopefully it isn't going to rain all day. Never mind, it will help all the gardeners and farmers - I don't know about your gardens but the grass on the school field is looking fairly desperate. 

I think I would recommend watching Paddington Bear if you can access it either on DVD or elsewhere (it is available to steam from some places), after all this little bear did come from Peru.

Have a good day and be kind to your grown ups.

 

17th June 

Good Morning Elm, today is a Carrot sort of day.

On This Day - John Pounds shoemaker and philanthropic teacher  was born in 1766. You might remember his name as the man most responsible for the creation of the concept of the Ragged School Movement but can you remember what a ragged school was? In 1823, Charles Macintosh patented the waterproof cloth he used to make raincoats, after experimenting with waste rubber products from Glasgow's new gas works. I hope we won't need one today although it does look rather grey outside this morning. Finally on this day Pioneer doctor Joseph Lister operated to remove a cancer from his sister Isabella using carbolic acid as an antiseptic in 1867. The operation in the Glasgow Royal Infirmary was the first under antiseptic conditions.

Thank you to those of you who have sent me project work this week, below you will see some interesting facts about Peru.

Ptolemy's research about Peru

Tom's research about Peru

I am looking forward to seeing some more this week. Also, Year 6, please make sure that you have had a look through the book list and send me your choice for your leavers book.

Well I hope the sun makes it through later so that we can all have a great day. Don't forget to be kind.

16th June

Hello Elm and Happy Birthday Jesse, today I have gone with Amethyst especially for you (I am not sure whether we have had that colour before). You share your birthday with National Fudge Day but more about that later. In the meantime I am sure we would all like to join in with a round of virtual Happy Birthday To You.

On This Day - The RSPCA Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded in 1824. Interestingly this was 60 years before the NSPCC was founding - we really are a nation of animal lovers! In 1915, the Women's Institute was founded, regularly referred to as simply the WI. Its two aims were to revitalise rural communities and to encourage women to become more involved in producing food during the First World War. It is now the largest women’s voluntary organisation in the UK.

Now back to National Fudge Day. 

The exact origins of Fudge Day are unknown, but it has been brought to the UK from the USA. It comes around each year on June 16th, and is the perfect way to celebrate this delicious, sweet treat. Fudge is soft, smooth confectionary made by heating and mixing milk, butter and sugar. A variety of other ingredients can then be added to create assorted flavours of fudge. Some of the most popular flavours include chocolate and peanut butter.

Fudge originated in the US during the late 19th century. Recipes were printed in many periodicals and advertisements during the 1880s. Its popularity was partly due to the decreasing cost of refined white sugar, and partly due to the ability to make it at home without special equipment. Its inexpensive, unrefined qualities made it popular among people looking for a candy alternative that fell in between expensive, fancy candies and the cheapest sweets. Fudge shops in tourist places such as Mackinac Island in Michigan began opening during the 1880s.

Modern fudge recipes remain largely unaltered. On Fudge Day, why not try making your own fudge? You can use this basic recipe to have your own delicious treat to enjoy right in your own kitchen! Fudge Day is the perfect excuse to try some crazy new flavours of fudge. You could sample maple and pecan, or chomp down some rocky road fudge. If you want to go really wild, mix up some particularly unusual flavours, like carrot and orange, liquorice fudge, or – for grown-ups only – tequila and lime. You could even hold competitions with work colleagues, friends or family to see who can come up with the most bizarre (but still edible!) variety of fudge. Happy fudge tasting!

Well if you do try making some fudge toady or this week, don't forget to send me some pictures.

Have a great day and look after your grownups.

15th June

Good Morning Elm Class, Monday again and the colour today is Dark Cyan.

On This Day - In 1860, British nurse Florence Nightingale, famous for tending British wounded during the Crimean War, opened a school for nurses at St Thomas's Hospital in London. In 1928 the House of Commons voted to fix the date of Easter. However, a clause in the Bill allowed the consideration of the opinions of all the major churches and the Act was never put in force. Can you suggest why it would be difficult to have a fixed date for Easter and suggest what could be considered as an alternative. 

Also on this day Britain introduced a £2 coin, can you find out which year.

History isn't just what happened before you were born. Yesterday was the third anniversary of the Grenfell Tower fire, do you remember it? The fire in the 24-storey Grenfell Tower block at North Kensington, West London in 2017 caused 72 deaths. It started accidentally in a fridge-freezer on the fourth floor and the building burned for about 60 hours. The rapid spread of the fire destroyed the building and was thought to have been accelerated by the building's exterior cladding, which at the time was of a common type in widespread use. A full inquiry into the fire was opened on 21st May 2018.

Thank you to those of you who are continuing to send pictures and documents of your project so far, I am really impressed with the work that you are doing. I have emailed this weeks tasks but you will find a copy and the resources to go with it if you look in the sub-page "We'd like to be in the Americas" which is below the flowers for each months "Lockdown Diary" sub-pages.

Have a great day now the sunny weather is back and of course stay safe

13th June

Hello Elm, Dark Violet today to mark a Royal occasion.

Today is the Queen's official birthday, despite the fact she was born in April, which is marked annually on the second Saturday of June with Trooping the Colour. She marked her 94th birthday in April this year, and had expected to take part in Trooping of the Colour today.

In the past, official celebrations to mark a King or Queen's birthday in the UK had been held on a day of their actual birthday. The double birthday tradition was started more than 250 years ago by King George II in 1748 and was all about trying to make sure the weather is better for outdoor celebrations. He was born in November, which is not known in the UK for its good weather, but King George wanted it to be possible to have a big public celebration - and November wasn't the time do it. So, given that his actually birthday wouldn't be a good time of year for a birthday parade, he decided to combine it with an annual military parade in the summer, when the weather would hopefully be nice.

Trooping the Colour has marked the official birthday of the British monarch for over 260 years. Over 1400 soldiers, 200 horses and 400 musicians take part in the event, so it's quite a spectacle! Lots of members of the public waving flags and wearing Union Jacks usually fill the Mall outside Buckingham Palace to watch it. On the day, normally a big parade starts at the Queen's official residence - Buckingham Palace - before moving along the Mall to Horse Guards Parade at Whitehall, near to Downing Street, and then back again. Then it's traditional for the royal family to travel down the Mall as part of the ceremony, and gather on Buckingham Palace's balcony to greet well-wishers and watch RAF planes perform an aerial display for the occasion. To see pictures of this from previous years you can look back to 4th June.

However due to the coronavirus lockdown the event will not be going ahead as scheduled for 2020. Instead a “Mini Trooping of the Colour” ceremony marking the Queen’s birthday took place at Windsor Castle. Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Henry Llewelyn-Usher, a small group of Welsh Guards marched and trooped their colour (regimental flag) accompanied by a diminished group of the massed Bands of the Household Division. But in keeping with Covid-19 guidelines, they stood 2.2 metres apart, measured by three turns of the garrison sergeant major's pace stick.

Hello Elm Class, Magandang umaga anak, today I am going with Pumkin.

On This Day - In 1922, George Leigh Mallory and two British climbers reached a height of 25,800 feet on Mount Everest without the aid of oxygen; the highest point ever achieved. Two years later, this same month, Mallory made another attempt with Andrew Irvine. Less than 1,000 feet from the summit, they were trapped by bad weather and were never seen alive again. Also on this day Members of Parliament voted to allow television cameras to broadcast proceedings in the House of Commons in 1989. Sometimes the chamber is packed with standing room only, however often, like now, there are only a few MPs sitting on the "benches". Currently, most MPs are joining via video links in order to maintain social distancing.

Today is Independence Day in the Philippines, which is celebrated across the islands and in Filipino communities all over the world, so Happy Independence Day to Shekina and her family. On this day in 1898, the Philippines, an archipelago of more than 7,000 islands in the western Pacific Ocean named after Spanish King Philip II, declared independence from Spain after more than 300 years of colonial rule.

Independence Day is marked by festive parades nationwide, including a police and military parade in the capital city of Manila that culminates with a speech by the president, followed by a 21-gun salute. Families and friends take advantage of this day off from work and school to enjoy quality time together, this year to celebrate this country’s 121 years of independence.

A commemorative ceremony takes place each year in Kawit, where the Declaration of Independence was first read, and the first flag raising is re-enacted.The flag itself is a powerful symbol of the independence movement: blue representing truth and justice, red symbolizing patriotism, and white standing for equality. The stars at the flag’s corners represent Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the three main regions of the Philippines. The eight rays surrounding the sun stand for the first eight provinces that battled against Spain.

Thank you to everyone who has sent me pictures and documents for this weeks project tasks about Peru, next week we will start focusing on the capital city - Lima - and what life is like for some children living there. I hope you have enjoyed the maths challenges from Mrs Frost, she will continue to set maths and English for those of you working from home... until we have the next change. As I have said before, try to do some school work most days so that you don't get out of practise and are ready for when you return to school - even if none of us know when this might be yet.

In the meantime, continue to stay safe and look after each other.

11th June

Hello Elm, it's Dark Emerald today

On This Day - John Constable, English landscape painter was born in 1776. He is best known for his paintings representing his native valley of the River Stour, an area that came to be known as 'Constable country'. Salisbury Cathedral was another of Constable's favourite locations. We looked at some of his paintings last term.

Also on this day, the British House of Commons finally voted for a total ban on handguns in a free vote, but this wasn't until 1997!

It is lovely to see some of you research about Peru, you can find example below and I am looking forward to reading more.

Even though it still looks a bit more like winter than summer outside this morning, I hope you have a great day

What we can find out about this fascinating country in South America

10th June

Hello Elm and Happy Birthday Daisy, today I have gone with Pale Red (isn't that called pink?) especially for you. This isn't how we had planned to spend your birthday, but I am sure you would all like to join in with a round of virtual Happy Birthday To You.

On This Day - A significant day for two very British sports, the Oxford team won the first-ever Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race in 1829 and in 1864 cricket authorities in England legalised over-arm bowling.

Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh, earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich, is 99 years old today. He was born Philippos Schleswig- Holstein Soenderburg-Glücksburg, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1921 on the Greek island of Corfu.

Philip grew up chiefly in Great Britain, after his family were forced out of Greece, was educated at Gordonstoun School, in Scotland, and at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, Devon, England. From January 1940 to the end of World War II, he served with the Royal Navy in combat in the Mediterranean and the Pacific.

On February 28, 1947, Philip became a British subject, renouncing his right to the Greek and Danish thrones and taking his mother’s surname, Mountbatten. His marriage to his distant cousin Princess Elizabeth took place in Westminster Abbey on November 20, 1947.  

Philip continued on active service with the Royal Navy, until Elizabeth’s accession on February 6, 1952, from which time he shared her official and public life. He attended an average of 350 official engagements a year on behalf of the royal household. In 1957 she conferred on him the dignity of prince of the United Kingdom, and in 1960 his surname was legally combined with the name of her family—as Mountbatten-Windsor—as a surname for lesser branches of the royal family.

While much of his time was spent fulfilling the duties of his station, Philip engaged in a variety of philanthropic endeavours. He served as president of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) from 1981 to 1996, and his International Award program allowed more than six million young adults to engage in community service, leadership development, and physical fitness activities. In May 2017 it was announced that Philip—who was one of the busiest royals, with more than 22,000 solo appearances over the years—would stop carrying out public engagements in August. His last solo event took place on August 2, 2017.

Thank you to everyone who has sent me project work this week, I will get back to you. Also well done to those of you who have completed and sent English and maths to Mrs Frost.

Well today is the day to watch Harry Potter and or The Lion King so have a great day and take care.

9th June

Good Morning Elm Class, today I have gone with Bright Blue to reflect the return of a blue sky outside my window.

On This Day - 

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was born in 1836 and was the first woman to qualify as a physician and surgeon in Britain. She co-founded the first hospital staffed by women, and became the first dean of a British medical school. She even broke barriers across borders as France’s first female doctor. When she was initially barred from medical school, she studied privately through tutors. Though the system prevented women from obtaining a medical degree, Garrett Anderson found a loophole and passed her medical exam with the highest marks.

As Britain’s first female doctor, Garrett Anderson was a fearless advocate for the care and advancement of women. After a long and successful career, Garrett Anderson broke one more barrier: becoming Britain’s first female mayor in 1908. But why is she especially significant to us?

In 1933 John Logie Baird demonstrated high definition television at his Long Acre studio in London, showing the difference between the previous 30-line picture and the new 120-line tubes. Also on this day in 1975 the first live transmission from the House of Commons was broadcast by BBC Radio and commercial stations.

Yesterday I told you about World Ocean Day and below you will see the poster that Aden has made. It would be brilliant to see some more. Also below you can see Tom's brilliant South American fact files. I hope you have all got the Atlas pages for this weeks project but please let me know if you have any problem accessing them.

Have a great day and as always be kind.

Aden's Ocean Day Poster

A fantastic set of fact files, well done Tom

8th June 

Good Morning Elm, Monday again and today is Carrot

On This Day - I793 Vikings raided the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria. The event is commonly accepted as the beginning of the Scandinavian invasion of England. Also on this day, John Smeaton, considered the founder of English civil engineering, was born in 1724. He built the Eddystone lighthouse, at the same time developing cement that could be used underwater. The ruined base of his lighthouse can still be seen today stood next to the much taller modern version.

Today is World Oceans Day, the United Nations day for celebrating the role of the oceans in our everyday life and inspiring action to protect the ocean and sustainably use marine resources.
The concept was originally proposed in 1992 at the Earth Summit – UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, takes place annually on the 8th of June. World Oceans Day was officially recognised by the United Nations in 2008. The International day supports the implementation of worldwide Sustainability Development Goals, and fosters public interest in the management of the ocean and its resources
The day is marked in a variety of ways, including launching new campaigns and initiatives, special events at aquariums and zoos, outdoor explorations, aquatic and beach cleanups, educational and conservation action programs, art contests, film festivals, and sustainable seafood events.

We have talked a lot about the need to protect our environment and some of you will remember the whale that was made by the Year 6 last year highlighting the plastic that pollutes the ocean. Today can you design your own poster for World Ocean Day.

Thank you to everyone who is still sending me work, especially those who are now catching up with previous projects. There is a little delay on this weeks project work but I should hopefully get it to you by tomorrow.

Finally I just want to share with you who don't already know, Daisy has had a rough couple of weeks that has included time in hospital (not COVID related thank goodness). She has had lots of tests and a very long MRI scan and the doctors are working hard to get to the bottom of things. I spoke to her on Friday as she was home for the weekend. I know that you will all want to join me in saying Get Well Soon Daisy xxx

This week those of you at home will be following maths and English from Mrs Frost so make sure you work hard. 

Hope you all have a good day and as always, take care.

Fae has completed her USA project to a very high standard, well done

Aden has found the flags of all the countries of South America

Aden has also researched each country to create his fact files

Lovely maps of South America by Nes

6th June

Good Morning Elm, I don't always write to you on a Saturday but there is so much to say about the 6th June. Today I have chosen Strong Blue but there will be bits of Vivid Yellow as well - I wonder why.

The first thing to say is Happy National Day to Miss Fairweather, because today is National Day of SwedenNational Day of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges nationaldag) is a national holiday observed annually in Sweden on 6th June. Prior to 1983, the day was celebrated as Swedish Flag Day. The tradition of celebrating this date began 1916 at the Stockholm Olympic Stadium, in honour of the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523, as this was considered the foundation of modern Sweden

On This Day - In 1844, the Factory Act was passed in Britain restricting female workers to a 12-hour day and limiting children between eight and 13 years to six-and-a-half hours - do you remember learning about this before Christmas, if so who was the person who supported this act in the Houses of Parliament? 

Recently we have had two major anniversaries of WWII - the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940 and VE Day in 1945. Today is another very significant anniversary of WWII, D-Day. 

In 1944, the Battle of Normandy began, this day is known as D-Day. Allied forces launched a combined naval, air and land assault on Nazi-occupied France. Airborne forces parachuted into drop zones across northern France followed by some 156,000 American, British and Canadian ground troops landing on five beaches – Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword – along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France’s Normandy region. The invasion was one of the largest amphibious military assaults in history and required extensive planning. Prior to D-Day, the Allies conducted a large-scale deception campaign designed to mislead the Germans about the intended invasion target.

The Battle of Normandy, which was codenamed Operation Overlord, lasted from June 1944 to August 1944, and resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany’s control.

5th June

Hello Elm, it's Dark Cyan today as that seemed to be the colour that looked most like water for this rainy day!

On This Day - In 1993, the Holbeck Hall Hotel in Scarborough, North Yorkshire, fell into the sea following a landslide, making news around the world. You might remember seeing the pictures of it last year when you were Year 4 and 5 and we learnt about coastal erosion - we went to Dunwich to find out the effects there over the years. On the pictures you can see how the cliff gave way and then the land behind it just slumped down into the sea taking a big part of the hotel with it. Luckily no lives were lost. 

The first signs of movement on the cliff were seen six weeks before the main failure, when cracks developed in the tarmac surface of footpaths running across the cliffs. At this time a small part of the hotel garden was also observed to have suffered a minor movement. There was originally 70 m of garden between the hotel and the cliff edge. At 6 am on the 4 June a guest saw that 55 m of the garden had disappeared. The hotel was evacuated and the landslide continued to develop, culminating in the collapse of the east wing of the hotel by the evening of 5 June. The likely cause of the landslide was a combination of: rainfall of 140 mm in the two months before the slide took place; issues related to the drainage of the slope; pore water pressure build up in the slope and the geology.

The new Olympics 2012 logo received a 'mauling' when it was unveiled to the public on this day in 2007. The logo, which took a year to design was designed to 'engage with young people and excite sponsors' said the London 2012 chairman, Sebastian Coe, however, many people disagreed saying it was out of date - very 1980s with the colour choice. Some people thought that other images were hidden in the design suggested - not always good. However the log was used for the highly successful London Olympics and Paralympics.

Finally on this day in 2014, property experts estimated there could be up to 1,000 JCBs buried underground in London, because it is cheaper to bury them than to lift them to street level following basement extensions. The total value of the JCBs buried underground is thought to be around £5 million.

Well done to those of you who have continued to work at home this week and have emailed pictures and documents of what you have completed, I will get back with feedback later today. At school we have followed the same Learning Objectives for the new South America project and some examples from home and school can be seen below.

From today we are changing again. Mrs Frost will take over the Home Learning in English and maths for Year 5 and Year 6 at home, she sets her work on a Friday so look out for it later on. When you have completed it please email it back to her, however I am happy for you to email it to me as well. I will continue to set project Learning Objectives each week - usually on a Monday morning - and look out for extra questions and challenges her on the class page.

Three brilliant maps of South America showing the physical features

Ptolemy has found out some unique facts for each South American country

Jacob has also found out some unique facts for each South American country

4th June

Good morning Elm, We are back to Pumpkin today.
On This Day - Benjamin Huntsman was born in 1704. at Handsworth, near Sheffield. He who experimented in steel manufacture, however, the local cutlery manufacturers initially refused to buy his steel as it was harder than the German steel they were accustomed to using. Huntsman did not patent his process, and his secret was discovered by a Sheffield iron-founder called Walker who, according to a popular story, got into Huntsman's works in the disguise of a starving beggar asking to sleep by a fire for the night. One of the original main buildings at Sheffield's Northern General Hospital is named after Huntsman, and in Sheffield city centre is a Wetherspoons pub called The Benjamin Huntsman.

In 1805, the first official Trooping The Colour took place at Horse Guards Parade in London. The custom of Trooping the Colour dates back to the time of Charles II in the 17th Century when the Colours of a regiment were used as a rallying point in battle and were therefore trooped in front of the soldiers every day to make sure that every man could recognise those of his own regiment (the Colours was the name given to the flags representing the different regiments in the British Army). Although trooping of the Colour has marked the birthday of the British Sovereign for over 260 years, it was King George III who ordered the the Parade at Horse Guards at 10 o'clock on the morning of the next Anniversary of the King's Birthday.It was Edward VII, whose actual birthday was in November, who moved Trooping the Colour to mark an official birthday always in June because of the weather and from his reign, the sovereign has taken the salute in person. Now it is often referred to as The Queen's Parade and this year was due to take place on Saturday 13th June.

Yesterday, at school, we enjoyed our first socially distanced Assembly via a zoom call from Miss Fairweather's office and we even managed a hymn. The value this half term is truthfulness.

Thank you to those of you who have sent me work this week, I will get back to you all with feedback tomorrow (my day not in the classroom).

Hope you have a great day.

3rd June

Hello Elm, today is a Dark Violet sort of day.

On This Day - the 3rd June hasn't been a very exciting day in history, however it has been a day of Kings. George V, King of England from 1910 to 1936 who married Princess May of Teck (Queen Mary), was born in 1865. He ruled during the First World War and changed the family name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor in 1917. Can you find out where he fitted in the royal family tree - what relation was he to Queen Victoria and to Queen Elizabeth II? Also, in 1937 the Duke of Windsor, (the abdicated King Edward VIII), married American divorcee Mrs Wallis Simpson, privately in a château near Tours, France. How does he fit into the royal family tree? Prizes could well be available.

Yesterday was the anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II coronation, the ceremony having taken place in Westminster Abby in 1935. In 2012 the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant took place on the Tideway of the River Thames, as part of the celebrations of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. Despite the cold, wet weather, which reflected the weather on the day of the actual coronation,  670 boats took part, including military, commercial and pleasure craft. According to Guinness World Records, it was the largest ever parade of boats, surpassing the previous record of 327 vessels set in Bremerhaven, Germany, in 2011. Sailing and others too tall to pass under the bridges were moored as an 'Avenue of Sail' downstream of London Bridge. British media organisations estimated that one million spectators watched from the banks of the Thames.

The next nationwide celebrations for a jubilee occasion will be in 2022 when Her Majesty celebrates 70 years on the throne. The Platinum Jubilee will take place in the same year as The Queen turns 96-years-old, and is expected to be celebrated on an even larger scale than the Diamond Jubilee in 2012.

Welcome back to school

2nd June

Good Morning Elm, definitely a Strong Red day today, I wonder if you can guess why.

On This DayJesse Boot, chemist, philanthropist and founder of 'Boots the Chemist' was born in 1850 and in 1910 the Hon. C.S. Rolls became the first Briton to fly across the Channel travelling from Dover to Sangatte and back in a Short-Wright biplane. The following year on this day, the Air Navigation Act came into force to control the requirements of both pilots and machines.

Today Queen Elizabeth II adds another royal milestone to the history books as she celebrates spending two-thirds of a century on the throne. Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in Westminster Abbey in 1953. Westminster Abbey has been the setting for every Coronation since 1066 and Her Majesty was the thirty-ninth Sovereign to be crowned there and the sixth Queen to have been crowned in her own right. The Queen had succeeded to the Throne on the 6 February, 1952 on the death of her father, King George VI however it took over a year for the ceremony to be coordinated, it the took place on this day, which in 1953 was cold and wet.The Coronation service, which descends directly from that of King Edgar at Bath in 973, began at 11.15am and lasted almost three hours. The Archbishop of Canterbury conducted the service, a duty which has been undertaken since the Conquest in 1066 and for the first time, a representative of another Church, the Moderator of the Church of Scotland, also took part. A total of 8,251 guests attended ceremony with 129 nations and territories officially represented. There was also one small child present – Prince Charles. He was the first child to witness his mother's coronation as Sovereign however Princess Anne did not attend as she was considered too young.

The Queen's Coronation dress was designed by British Fashion designer Norman Hartnell. It was made of white satin and embroidered with the emblems of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth in gold and silver thread. 

BBC coverage of the Coronation was a breakthrough for the history of broadcasting. It was the first service to be televised and for most people, it was the first time they had watched an event on television. 27 million people in the UK (out of the 36 million population) watched the ceremony on television and 11 million listened on the radio. Although it could be seen at home, many people camped in The Mall to catch a glimpse of the procession, including a family who had sailed all the way from Australia in a ketch for the occasion. Thousands more celebrated throughout the country and the Commonwealth with street parties.

Once the procession had returned to Buckingham Palace, the Queen appeared with her family on the balcony still wearing the Imperial State Crown and the Royal Robes to greet the cheering crowds. Her Majesty appeared again on the balcony at 9.45 pm to turn on the 'lights of London'. Lights cascaded down the Mall, lighting the huge cipher on Admiralty Arch and turning the fountains in Trafalgar Square into liquid silver, until all the floodlights from the National Gallery to the Tower of London had been illuminated.

Coronation Chicken was invented for the foreign guests who were to be entertained after the Coronation. The food had to be prepared in advance, and Florist Constance Spry proposed a recipe of cold chicken in a curry cream sauce with a well-seasoned dressed salad of rice, green peas and mixed herbs. Constance Spry's recipe won the approval of the Minister of Works and has since been known as Coronation Chicken.

Today some of Year 6 are in the first group that are returning to school, and hopefully, if all goes well, the rest of you will join us before too long. In the meantime, please continue completing tasks at home. This weeks reading can be found below - Year 5 you will already be familiar with the text but the questions are different. Also you will find your new MyMaths for the week is ready for you - don't forget that you are aiming for 100%.

Well I hope we all have a great day and make sure that we follow what is being asked of us safely and with social distancing and don't forget to wash your hands - lots!

1st June

Hello Elm, a lovely Strong Blue for the first day in June

On This Day - In 1495, Friar John Cor recorded the first known batch of Scotch whisky in Lindores Abbey, Fife. 

Britain introduced the compulsory use of 'L' plates for learner drivers in 1935. Also On This Day, all people who had started to drive on or after 1 April 1934 needed to have passed the test. Legislation for compulsory testing was introduced for all new drivers with the Road Traffic Act 1934 but the test was initially voluntary to avoid a rush of candidates.

In 1946 television licences were issued in Britain for the first time. They cost £2.

So, although we have already had amazing weather all the way through May, summer has now begun and with it another change to our lives. Today, as further easing of the coronavirus lockdown rules are put into place, groups of up to six people can meet outdoors in England, some non-essential retail can start to open and there can be a wider opening to schools. The Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, has described it as a "long awaited and joyful moment" as family and friends reunite after ten weeks in lockdown. He has set out the next stage in the easing of restrictions with the caveat that "there may still be some anomalies or apparent inconsistencies in these rules". Scientists have warned that England should adopt a more cautious approach, as in the rest of the United Kingdom.

For us at Eyke this all means that some of you will start to return to school tomorrow, while other are still going to wait a while. Either way, you will continue to find your learning tasks and examples of people's completed work here. For your project, I will set Learning objectives each week which you will find on the sub-page (with a globe) below the diary pages (with flowers).

I hope you all have a great day and take care if you are out and about - remember the social distancing of 2 metres.

Soon be June
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